The screenplay, by Albert Hackett, Frances Goodrich, and Dorothy Kingsley, is based on the short story "The Sobbin' Women", by Stephen Vincent Benét,.
Seven Brides for Seven Brothers, which is based in Oregon in 1850, is particularly known for the unusual choreography by Michael Kidd, which makes dance numbers out of such mundane frontier pursuits as chopping wood and raising a barn
To perform the electrifying dance numbers and grueling action sequences, choreographer Michael Kidd wanted dancers to portray all six of Adam Pontipee's rough and tumble brothers. MGM Studios, however, wanted actors already under contract to MGM — Jeff Richards (a former baseball player), and Russ Tamblyn (a gymnast) — to be cast as two of the brothers. The other four brothers were portrayed by professional dancers — Matt Mattox, Marc Platt, Tommy Rall, and Jacques d'Amboise. All four balanced on a beam together during their famous barn-raising dance.
The movie was listed as number 464 in Empire magazine's list of the 500 greatest films of all time.
Oscar nominee for Best Picture in 1954, 7 Brides for 7 Brothers won NBR Award Top Ten Films (1954), Oscar for Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture and WGA Award for Best Written American Musical among others.